First DNA-base genome sequenced. It was PhiX174, a bacteriophage, containing a single circle of DNA.


First automated DNA sequencing machine became available.


University of Oxford Modernising Medical Microbiology Team started using pathogen sequencing to predict TB drug resistance.


Oracle launched the Oracle Cloud enabling sharing and storage of information on the internet.

2013 - 16

Ebola virus disease epidemic marked the first large-scale use of genomic epidemiology for an ongoing outbreak.


11th January

Chinese scientists published the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus (later SARS-CoV-2).


8th January

WHO Guidance on implementing SARS-CoV-2 genomic sequencing published.


Oracle donated cloud services to support University of Oxford R&D.

13th June

G7 leaders commit to ‘boost global surveillance and genomic sequencing’.

21st September

Institute of Public Health in Chile becomes the first international user of GPAS.



GPAS toolset updated to enable sample upload from both Illumina and ONT sequencing machines.


GPAS toolset updated to enable upload of FASTQ and BAM files. Oxford University Hospitals and UKHSA’s New Variant Assessment Platform begin testing samples.


Labs in South Africa, Tanzania, the United States and Pakistan begin using GPAS toolset.

End of 2022

GPAS Ltd to launch a service for surveillance of TB.


GPAS Ltd will launch services for more pathogens, including foodborne diseases and influenza, and will expand the utility of the toolset beyond clinical research and public health decision support. GPAS Ltd will transfer knowledge and build capacity in low and middle income countries.